How to talk about yourself in Spanish



PHRASES:

Les piden muchos documentos a las personas que quieren obtener el pasaporte. People that want to obtain a passport are asked for many documents.
Mi prima le ha pedido a su novio que le dé fecha para la boda. My cousin has asked her boyfriend to give her a date for their wedding.
En Guatemala, muchas personas han llenado muchas solicitudes para ir a trabajar a Canadá. In Guatemala many people have filled out a lot of applications to go work in Canada.
Después de escribirles los datos generales en los formularios a los conferencistas, los traductores han tomado un descanso. After writing down general information for the conference leaders, the translators have taken a rest.
Algunas personas han solicitado la doble nacionalidad. Some people have applied for double nationality.
Me han advertido que esos trámites toman mucho tiempo. They have told me that those proceedings take a lot of time.
Les han pedido muchos requisitos a los aspirantes del puesto. They've asked the position's applicants for many requirements.
¿Toma mucho tiempo tramitar la visa? Does it take a long time to process the visa?
A mi madre no le ha tomado tanto tiempo, ella ha corrido con suerte. It hasn't taken my mother that much time, she's been lucky.
Nunca nos han revisado la firma a la hora de usar la tarjeta de crédito. They've never checked the signature when we use our credit card.

 

VOCABULARY:

datos generales (m)   general information
documento (m)   document
edad (f)   age
fecha (f)   date
firma (s)   signature

nacionalidad (f)   nationality
nombre (m)   name
ocupación (f)   occupation
pasaporte (m)   passport
solicitud (f)   application

GRAMMAR:

Ser vs. estar

a. Whereas ser is used to indicate an attribute or an inherent quality that is not likely to change, estar is used to indicate a condition which is likely to change.

Este río es muy ancho. This river is very wide.
  Hoy el agua del río está caliente. Today the river's water is warm.

b. Ser is often used to express the norm and estar, on the other hand, expresses a departure from that norm.

Mario es una persona tranquila pero hoy está muy molesto. Mario is a calm person but today he is very upset.

The principle uses of ser

a. Ser is used to signify equivalence or identity between two elements of a sentence:

Alberto es doctor.
Alberto = doctor.
Alberto is a doctor.
  María es una buena persona.
María = buena persona.
Maria is a good person.
  Ramón es colombiano.
Ramón = colombiano.
Ramon is Colombian.

b. Origin: ser + de + country

Diego es de Perú. Diego is from Peru.
  Este tapete es de México. This rug is from Mexico.

c. possession

Esa bicicleta es de Gustavo. That bike is Gustavo's.
  Las llaves son de Julio. Those keys are Julio's.

d. time

Son las dos. It's two.
  Es la una y media. It's one thirty.

e. dates

Hoy es el cuarto de junio. Today is the fourth of June.
  Es jueves. It's Thursday.

The principle uses of estar

a. location of an object

La escuela esta al lado del correo. The school is next to the post office.

b. to express the present progressive

Estoy escribiendo. I am writing.
  Juan está escuchando. Juan is listening.

c. resultant condition: estar + past participle

Estoy cansado. I am tired.
  Estamos despiertos. We are awake.

 

 

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