Identify basic objects in Spanish.



PHRASES:

Tengo dos lápices y una pluma en mi mochila. I have two pencils and a pen in my backpack.
¿Cuántas sillas hay en este salón de clase? How many chairs are there in this classroom?
Ella no tiene su libro de texto hoy. She doesn't have her textbook today
Me gusta tu teléfono celular. I like your cellphone.
Los profesores tienen que comprar la tiza. The professors have to buy the chalk

VOCABULARY:

anotaciones (f)   notes
calendario (m)   calendar
cartera (f)   wallet
cepillo (m)   brush
cuaderno (m)   notebook
dinero (m)   money
escritorio (m)   desk
grapadora (f)   stapler
lámpara (f)   lamp
lápiz (m)   pencil
libro (m)   book
llave (f)   key
mochila (f)   backpack
papel (m)   paper
paraguas (m)   umbrella
periódico (m)   newspaper
pluma (f)   pen
reloj (m)   watch
silla (f)   chair
tarjeta de identificación (f)   ID card
teléfono móbil, portátil, celular (m)   mobil, portable, cell phone
tijeras (f)   scissors
tiza (f)   chalk

GRAMMAR:

Gender Agreement

In Spanish, every noun has a gender, which is either masculine or feminine. The article 'la' indicates feminine gender and the article 'el' indicates masculine gender. The gender of a noun cannot always be predicted by looking at the noun, but, typically, nouns ending in 'o' are masculine and those ending in 'a' are feminine. For example:

 

La pluma The pen (feminine)
  El cuaderno The notebook (masculine)

 

Number Agreement

The number of any noun in Spanish is either singular or plural. The plural form depends on the last letter of the noun. If a noun ends in a vowel, add an 's' to the end of it. If it ends in a consonant, add 'es'. Articles also have plural forms. The plural form of 'la' is 'las', and the plural form of 'el' is 'los'. For example:

 

La escuela The school (singular)
  Las escuelas The schools (plural)
  El árbol The tree (singular)
  Los árboles The trees (plural)

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