Describe your job in Spanish.



PHRASES:

Trabajo de tiempo parcial en un mercado. I work part time in a market.
Mi jefe me supervisa por las tardes. My boss supervises me in the the afternoons.
Gano relativamente poco pero me llevo muy bien con mis compañeros de trabajo. I earn relatively little but I get along well with my work mates.
Trabajé por un año en una escuela secundaria. I worked at a high school for one year.
Nos pagaban el primero del mes. They would pay us the first day of the month.
Siempre he querido ser maestro de primaria. I have always wanted to be an elementary school teacher.
Dejé mi curriculum con muchas compañías ayer. I left my résumé at many companies yesterday.
Mi hermano Juan está solicitando para ser abogado. My brother Juan is applying for jobs as a lawyer.
¿A qué se dedica Ud.? What do you do?
Ya que trabajo de tiempo completo me dan beneficios. Since I work full time I get benefits.

VOCABULARY:

a tiempo parcial/medio tiempo (adv)   part time
abogado (m)   lawyer
banquero (m)   banker
beneficios (m)   benefits
científico (m)   scientist
colega (m)   colleague
compañero (m) de trabajo   co-worker
curriculum (m)/currículo (m)   résumé
de tiempo completo (adv)   full time
dedicarse a una profesión   to practice a profession
empleado (m)   employee
entrenamiento (m)/adiestramiento (m)   training
entrevista (f)   interview
ganar   to earn
ingeniero (m)   engineer
jefe (m)   boss, employer
maestro (m)   teacher
oficio (m)   trade
profesión (f)   profession
solicitar   to apply (for a job)
sueldo (m)   salary
trabajo (m)   job
turno (m)   work shift

GRAMMAR:

Present Progressive Tense

The present progressive tense is formed with the auxiliary verb estar plus a main verb in its present participle form (e.g. estoy escribiendo). The present participle is formed with the stem of the verb plus -ando (for -ar verbs) or -iendo (for -er and -ir verbs). For example:

 

cantar cantando
  hablar hablando
  comer comiendo
  beber bebiendo
  ocurrir ocurriendo
  vivir viviendo

 

In the case of -ir stem changing verbs the stem vowel changes. For example:

 

preferir prefiriendo
  pedir pidiendo
  venir viniendo

 

Verbs with stems that end in a vowel also have an irregular form:

 

caer cayendo
  oír oyendo
  traer trayendo

 

The verb estar must be conjugated to match the subject pronoun. For example:

 

Yo estoy comiendo. I am eating.
  Tú estás cantando. You are singing.
  Él está hablando. He is speaking.
  Ella está bebiendo. She is drinking.
  Nosotros estamos hablando. We are speaking.
  Ellos están estudiando. They are studying.

 

Present Progressive vs. Simple Present

Just like English, Spanish uses the present progressive tense to describe actions that are occurring while one is speaking (e.g. John is writing a letter). Also similar to English, the present tense is used to describe actions that one does repeatedly or habitually (e.g. John writes a letter every morning). One difference between the two languages, however, is that in Spanish the present tense can also be used to describe progressive actions. For example:

 

¿Qué haces? / ¿Qué estás haciendo? What are you doing?
  ¿Qué escuchas/ ¿Qué estás escuchando? What are you listening to?

 

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